Quotas: India’s way of enforcing Socialism in Racing

During the 20th Century Karl Marx, The Soviet Union and the Left promoted the utopian doctrine of Socialism which ran its course in many parts of the world. While it did indelible harm to the racing and breeding industry in so much that it curbed the natural growth of the sport which was funded by betting. Gambling is a perceived vice in socialist thought but yet an essential part of the human state is the urge to gamble. Times changed, the Soviet Union crumbled and India began its march towards full blown capitalism and right wing thought. Along the way in racing a socialist mindset evolved which promoted a thought process by which to curb excellence, the system of, “Quotas.” Its very easy to justify this system unfortunately when it comes down to sport there is no place for it. Yet racing chooses to embrace it. The evolution of the quota system took a while and as such become detrimental to Indian racing.

The first sign of this becoming a part of the racing industry was during the days that India’s premier trainer Rashid Byramji dominated Indian racing. He was based out of Western India and his domination of his contemporaries was such that it was RRB first and the rest simply making up the numbers and fighting for the minor placings. Every owner of consequence at the time was either training with him or after getting a whupping from one of his horses, wanted to train with him. The fallout of Rashid Byramji’s success was that his domination was found to be effecting the overall competitive nature of the sport. As a result the Committee of RWITC first mooted the proposal of limiting the number of horses that he could train. Mr. Byramji, never the sort to take things lying down, in protest moved lock, stock and barrel to Bangalore which was otherwise his summertime base. Bangalore’s gain was RWITC’s loss as RRB was better placed in Bangalore to raid Hyderabad, Madras and his old home Mumbai at will, something that can be seen in his record number of classics won, it also helped to establish Bangalore as a full fledged racing centre, not just where you spent your summers because India’s best trainer with the best horses was based there. RWITC on the other hand has never had and from what is on display nowadays will never have a trainer of his calibre based in their centre. Mr. Byramji for a long period of time was refused a license by RWITC as a result many of his assistants from that period all find their names on the Indian Derby Roll of Honour as RRB dominated his country’s home Derby.

Fast forward to the 21st Century and as Indian Racing continued to stay stagnant or regressed in my opinion as the administration of Indian Racing never kept up with our burgeoning racing and breeding industry. Madras Race Club was first shut down and then destroyed by the greed of one man as a helpless and emasculated industry remained silent onlookers. The result was that the Indian breeding industry for the first time reached a point where supply outstripped demand and we were overproducing. One of the solutions albeit a short term one was that Mysore was launched as a racing centre in its own right to absorb Bangalore’s overflow. This did indeed work for a while but soon Mysore was overcrowded too. Hyderabad Race Club on the other hand, had money, space and owned their own land and they chose to restrict the open nature of racing. They imposed quotas on how many 2 year olds can be brought into their facility. This system was originally created to safeguard their local owners and trainers who notwithstanding the occasional exception were performing at a lower level than their counterparts in Bangalore and Bombay. As if to compound an already bad idea they decided to hand these quotas to owners rather than trainers. The result of this policy was that owners who could genuinely buy good horses had to limit themselves, while many who could ill afford to buy a horse suddenly found themselves in a position of power, since they had the golden ticket a, “quota.”

Hyderabad is possibly the worst centre when it comes to payment defaults because the horse must come into HRC with a sale or lease form whether a breeder has been paid or not. Yet, year in and year out these defaulting owners get quotas to bring horses into HRC. There are people who genuinely want to buy more horses in Hyderabad and can afford to do so but perennially they find themselves running out of quotas. Similarly a couple of people who have quotas have decided to become breeders since the junk they produce is their own junk and they have the brahmastra: a, “quota.” Year in and year out quotas are handed out to these blokes without looking to see how their previous allottees did. Yet towards the end of the annual sham sale that we conduct in Pune you find the bottom feeders of Hyderabad racing come around looking for horses on contingency. Helpless breeders are left with little option but to get rid of horses in this way as there is a glimmer of hope that you’ll get a return or else there is a good chance that your horse will not even find a stable at any track as you are unable to, “arrange” a quota. The general performance level at Hyderabad has improved considerably as trainers like Vittal Deshmukh, Shehzad Abbas and Laxman Singh have upped the quality of their stock and now the local horses more often than not hold their own against all comers, in fact last week’s 1000 Guineas saw local horses occupy the first two slots, once again performance based quotas to trainers would go a very long way in improving the quality of horses at Malakpet immensly. Currently there is a very distinct divide whereby the better quality stock will hold their own on a national level but there are an equal number of horses that can only be classified as junk and those that are rated below 25 at Hyderabad are very possibly the worst horses racing in India.

Bangalore Turf Club is the one racecourse which turns over more in betting handle than the rest of Indian racing combined. Unfortunately due to a lack of space and rampant benami ownership the quality of their racing product has been on a very steeply declining curve. A poorly written racing programme as well as draconian winning penalties have encouraged the concept of bringing horses down in handicap by giving them runs, to strike for an annual or seasonal gamble. Not only has the quota system encouraged the setting up of benami owners but here we have benami trainers too and there are a minimum of 300 horses that are controlled by these stables as well as dubious elements. Its an open secret as to who actually trains horses with certain licensees. The saving grace for Bangalore has been the fact that day in and day out the public turns up and splashes the cash at the tote counters. The better trainers are restricted as none of them have extension counters while at the lower end of the spectrum this practice is rampant and worst of all an open secret. Cancelling licenses is the only way to sort things out as rather than handing out quotas through a system which makes no sense at all, the club ought to ask trainers how many they would like to train along with the names of the potential horses as well as the owners’ name and then hand out quotas through a merit based system.

Its about time that the clubs looked upon handing out extra quotas to the top trainers at their centres. By that I mean the trainers with the best strike rate, highest per capita earnings per horse, the highest earners of stake money should all be handed extra quotas for excellence. Similarly the reward for winning graded races ought to entitle trainers to an extra quota for say every 3 Group 3s won, another extra quota for every 2 Group 2 wins an extra quota and one extra quota for every Group 1 race they win. Not only will it spur trainers to improve their tallies it will also encourage them to attempt to win big races, something sorely lacking nowadays. Similarly poorly performing professionals should be the ones losing their quotas. Trainers are the ambassadors of the sport, better pros will attract better owners to get involved with the sport. The quota system and the extension counter system is so rampant now that often the RWITC Twitter handle ends up sending congratulatory messages to the de facto trainer rather than the trainer on record. So why must we have this charade?

As of now a huge problem is the arbitrary nature by which these quotas are allotted to various trainers. Trainers at the top of the ladder are treated the same as trainers of inferior quality simply because the latter are perceived to be big trainers since they train a large number of horses. Since when was this a sport about quantity? Its supposed to be all about quality and the best must face each other and may the better one win. Nowhere is this chasm more evident than in Hyderabad where this concept of quotas has mutated into something thats about everything but excellence. A cursory look at the statistics will give you a clear idea as to how many trainers there and similarly a segment of owners too ought to find a different game with which to involve themselves. Similarly There is a trainer in Bangalore whose monthly commission earnings over the past 19 seasons are less than what a daily wage labourer would earn per month in Punjab. Rather than weed out incompetent professionals clubs keep on handing these people quotas. When there is a situation where there is a shortage of space at their racetracks the Turf Authorities should be culling trainers who aren’t performing at a basic level just as breeders are forced to cull inferior mares and stallions. I understand that no system is perfect and must evolve over a period of time, many of my ideas might be right or wrong but I’m sure they’ll be a step in the right direction. The current system has unfortunately turned into a Frankenstein and the monster is eating up the upper end of the sport and digesting it and throwing out a waste product at the bottom end which is growing bigger and bigger but benefits nobody; not owners, trainers, jockeys, breeders or even the clubs. Its about time we awoke as a racing nation to the fact that this is a sport that is based on excellence not a quota system which restricts it.

Jaggy Dhariwal: Master Trainer and an All Round Rockstar!

The passing of Jaggy Dhariwal brings to an end the career of one of the greatest trainers India has ever seen. His career with over 2000 winners and innumerable Classic winners is there for all to see but the true gift Jaggy had was his ability to train a champion to hold its form for the whole year. My family has been involved with Jaggy for three generations and I’m proud to say that I was an owner in his stable right to the very end. He shared a very close relationship with my grandfather, someone Jaggy always looked up to, similarly he was very close to my father and finally I too struck up a great rapport with him as did my two brothers. Every time I’d see him it would bring a smile to both of our faces and Jaggy always had a mischievous gleam in his eye. He was extremely well read and he always had the X Factor as a trainer, he would pick up things many wouldn’t simply just looking at a horse. His handling of the siblings Chaitanya Ratham and Chaitanya Chakram was absolutely flawless, he took Chakram through from the last proper Ooty season through Bangalore Summer, through the Hyderabad Monsoon season, the Indian Derby, Invitation Cup and then further on to the President of India Gold Cup with flawless precision. A shrewd tactician he was always quick to adapt. This was best seen when he trained in Madras; a certain owner would often block Jaggy’s horses during a race, not one to complain Jaggy simply decided to change his tactics. He started to teach his horses to go to the front and win their races start to finish. This manifested itself to make Chakram the machine that he was, hit the front and go fast, every furlong go faster, once clear a slight breather and then kick for home and it worked every time.

A very kind man, Jaggy was always there to help a fellow professional or a small Punjabi Breeder and he was truly loved by his friends. I would always joke with him that wherever he went he had a large fan club. Full of life his one liners would always entertain us at track in the morning, whether he was taking Dicky Singh’s trip or having a friendly argument with my father. I shared a common bond with him with both of us being Jatt Sikhs and whenever we’d talk it would always be in Punjabi. Once when he was training Bonzer another trainer asked him whether he felt Bonzer was as good as Chakram, the reply he got was one only Jaggy could give, ” Could be Chakram or he could just be Bonzer.” Jaggy was always full of life and anybody who came across him would eventually become a friend. Today there is a pall of gloom over the entire industry though his health had been failing and in the last couple of years he had been in and out of hospital quite often. The fighter that Jaggy was, he would always roar back with a vengeance. Alas his body finally gave up this time and we lost a truly loveable character from our sport.

He was an enigmatic trainer, you’d never understand his methods but man his methods were very effective. He trained some real superstars for us and when Practicallyperfect won us the Hyderabad Fillies Trial trained by him I doubt any big race win would’ve given me as much of a kick. My father was ailing with Cancer at the time and the filly winning momentarily took my entire family’s mind off our situation. We will all miss him greatly, he was a member of our family and its not just us. Similarly today Marthand Mahindra, Mr Pathy, Mr Sibia, Mr Dhillon and every single breeder in Punjab are missing him like we’d miss a family member. He trained for Vijay Mallya with tremendous success and year in and year out he would produce another top notch horse for them. I take this opportunity to condole with his wife Judy, his nephews Romi and Pinta and the entire Dhariwal clan. Today we lost one of our own and we will miss him greatly. Rest In Peace Jaggy Uncle, it would be safe to say you led a really full life and you leave us all behind with very fond memories. Jaggy went out training at the very top end of the game, Saltoro Ridge will go down in history as his last winner and that was just a few days back. Rest In Peace Jaggy Uncle, we will miss you a lot.

Taxes, Mass Media, Commentary & All that Jazz!!!

Its been a great month for our industry, the Karnataka High Court ruling regarding the dreaded Tax Deducted at Source was a huge shot in the arm for everybody in the industry, whether its owners, breeders, jockeys, trainers, syces etc. The Honourable court quashed the demand of the Income Tax Department that 30% of our stake-money earnings should be deducted as TDS as the IT department wanted to treat the same as a windfall gain like in a lottery. The boost from getting back 30% of our liquid capital is huge. At the same time we need to make sure that as an industry we start taking ourselves seriously, so that in future an ill informed babu who sits in an office, crunches numbers and tries to subvert Supreme Court rulings cannot put us through the hell we have gone through as a whole. The industry must engage the various state governments and communicate what we bring to the table so that such unfortunate situations do not occur in future. As a result of what happened many stud farms have had to shut shop, while this can be glossed over it means lost jobs and redundancies and it isn’t the bosses of the Stud Farms who have suffered, its the staff. Many people from Jharkhand, Bihar and other such states, leave home and come away to work at farms located in other parts of India. These people send money back home so that their families get three square meals a day and so that their families are looked after. For too long the semi pro fashion this multi faceted and multi crore business has run has hurt everything and everybody involved in it. Nobody realises it but we’re always a hair’s breath from impending doom and disaster.

While the breeding industry has kept up with the times, unfortunately our racecourses have not. Simply put we haven’t increased the number of racecourses in India post independence. The Turf Authorities of India (TAI) since they are the custodians of the sport need to stand up and take responsibility and start running the sport along professional lines. We have missed every chance of getting on Mass Media, first it was radio, does racing have a footprint? The answer is no. Then came Terrestrial TV (Doordarshan) we contrived to miss that boat too. Next came cable TV and yes once again another opportunity is being missed. We can see no name cricket reruns from 2010 but live racing? Yet another big fat no. An attempt was made by Procam Sports to package the product professionally but it appears that the chaotic structure of Indian racing cost them too much and that too disappeared. The only presence racing has on TV today is the weekly show; The Winning Post, that too on Neo Sports (a channel not carried on TataSky; India’s largest DTH platform). One hopes their TRPs are good but I doubt they are.

We need to take a page out of the recently concluded Pro Kabbadi League that was on Star Sports. The organisers decided to promote and package the sport sparing no expense, glitz, glamour, movie stars, HD quality cameras, proper camera work, a large number of different views etc. were used, as a result they got superb TRPs and the entire exercise was a big success. On the flip side was the Punjab Government which took a call to promote Kabbadi and started hosting the Kabaddi World Cup. Big Stadiums, foreign teams, the best players etc. etc. but their TV coverage on a channel called PTC fell somewhere between bad and really bad, the result; most Kabbadi players want to be playing on Star Sports in the Pro Kabbadi League rather than in the World Cup. Its all about exposure and we have nobody running our clubs that understand that. The most unfortunate thing about the way that our sport is packaged is the slap dash way that the content is put together. It wouldn’t cost much to hire a proper presenter and put out a broadcast that at the very least engages the off course audience. Interviews with connections, a more interesting format for presenting previews and proper experts giving their opinions would go a long way. RWITC did have some decent coverage when Rajesh Narredu and Nial Sadh were presenting racing at Bombay. Unfortunately this was stopped, what the reason was I don’t know.

The quality of race calling or commentary as we call it in India at RWITC is abysmal. One of their race callers seems in too much of a hurry to finish off the race, though his diction is decent and then we have the guy who called the St Leger, he struggles with English in the first place, his spoken English is heavily accented and he messed up calling the Leger big time. RWITC got Jim McGrath down for a few of their big races a couple of years back and his commentary was a real treat to hear. Calcutta on the other hand is fortunate in the fact that its Cyrus Madan’s hometown, in my opinion he has been the gold standard of Indian commentary for over 3 decades now. He knows the sport at a far deeper level than most and speaks very fluent English something that carries through in his race calls. His call of The Stayers’ Cup was possibly the best we have heard in the past year. Anit Casyab who is the regular caller at Hastings is very good too and is getting better as he gets more experienced. The Bangalore Callers are very clear but very boring too. They use the same expressions for every single race, such as “Back To The Leadaaaa….” I love the Delhi caller, Deepak but thats because he has me in splits all the time, where else would you hear somebody say, “Brrrusting through the rails.”

And…… then there is Hyderabad! There was a time when Ali Khusro Jung was doing commentary over there, he retired a few years back. He was top class, crystal clear and his delivery was impeccable. It will be tough to replace him, the guy who does most of their races is quite decent but then they have a couple of guys who should not be doing this, their calls are the worst in any English speaking jurisdiction, anywhere in the world. One of them always calls the last horse as,” The lying last one.” Another term he gets awfully wrong is,”cruising” you do not get excessively whipped and “cruise” into third place. Lets not even get to the level of competence in spoken English as these guys really struggle with that. Clubs should be recruiting the best debaters and dramatics youngsters from universities, maybe hire them to do other work alongside commentary or offer these youngsters to come on weekends and holidays and pay them a stipend, anybody in college always appreciates a bit of pocket money. Recently Tom Durkin retired from being NYRA’s race caller, I would recommend to our fellows to listen to some of his great calls on youtube and learn rather than put out the same mundane drivel day in and day out. Honestly nobody cares how many,”classics” a certain owner has won and the next time a commentator is obliged to give us the tally I hope a cat gets his tongue!

The camera work needs to improve a lot too and its about time High Definition coverage became the norm. HD would also help the stipes do their jobs much better, similarly in objections and enquiries HD coverage will help greatly in coming to the correct decisions as the images are crystal clear. The hardware is available very easily nowadays and costs far less than one would think, its about time we upgraded its not at all difficult. Similarly the sound system at every track needs to improve too, microphones which produce less echo and better speakers would be a good place to start. If racing is to attract good crowds it needs proper publicity and packaging. We desperately need to hire full time pros who look after promotion especially for our big events. Racing is a lifestyle sport and we need to understand this and get on board to make sure that an owner who spends Lakhs to buy a horse gets a good bang for his buck! They need to feel special and be put on a pedestal, the more exposure they get the more like minded people will want to get involved. Page 3 has become ubiquitous in our City Newspaper editions as the place to do some shameless self promotion, racing would fit in beautifully over there. Simple little things can make a huge difference; how about a dedicated hospitality area for those owners that have a runner in a particular race, making it like the VIP room at a nightclub. Similarly a pre and post race press conference for any big event should be compulsory for connections of various contenders and in case a representative doesn’t turn up a fat fine would make those who miss out think twice before missing out again. The sponsor should be roped in for the publicity of a race carrying their name in print and media this would be of direct benefit to them as they get more coverage.

Web presence and social media is another must in the 21st Century. RWITC takes the lead in this and their website is engaging and very informative. Similarly RWITC has a very active twitter handle @rwitcmumbai and they are always available to answer fans’ questions. Calcutta too has a good and informative website updated on a daily basis, they have a Facebook page too. While BTC and HRC also have pretty extensive websites its quite apparent that these need to carry more information and need to be far more interactive. Presence on Facebook which can be updated in real time is a necessity in todays day and age. We must engage our audience and market racing as a really cool thing to be involved in, I for one enjoy racing immensely as a fan I doubt there is any sport that has so many layers whether its pedigree, training, jockeyship, medicine, luck, tactics and a myriad of other variables. The motto of my alma mater The Doon School is, ” Knowledge our light.” Simply put the more information that we put out in the open the better the experience will be for punters and fans alike. Its about time we wake up and smell the coffee or else our shrinking base will reduce even further.

Bangalore Summer Season! How did we F@%k Up something as good as this?

The general consensus among racing people this year has been that the just concluded Bangalore Summer Season has been the worst in history, as a regular over the last thirty years, I definitely think so. A myriad of reasons have caused India’s only national season to fall to the depths that it has. Every single thing that makes racing good has been compromised on and as a result standards plummeted to what has never been witnessed before. One hardly saw races for horses rated 80 and above, in old terms, Class One. No 60-85 races which were always interesting, instead we got this new 60 and above class, which simply just wasn’t as much fun. Depleted quality in Maiden Special Weight races was another thing that was apparent, in the old days some really top horses emerged in these races like Elusive Pimpernel, Adler, Berlioz, Noble Prince, Classical Act and Continual, I doubt we saw any horses of that level emerge this season.

The one person who it seems has reached the end of his tether is the handicapper, the committee has given him way too much power, he frames a majority of the racing policies, he frames the prospectus and he decides which race to divide and which race to void and which race to ballot out horses from. He has reached a point where he has left the sport in shambles and should own moral responsibility for the crap we witnessed in the name of racing and hand in his papers.

First thing that is way out of wack is how the prospectus is framed, the handicapper has helped the BTC have no need for a round circuit track, we may as well have a 6 furlong half track as he sees it fit only to card sprints. Since there is a paucity of space, BTC may as well build stables on the balance 800 metres. On the penultimate week, we had no fewer than six 1200 Metre races in a seven race card. The handicapper has created a system of mediocrity all around and since our biggest races such as the Derbies and the Invitation Cup are run at distances beyond 2000 Metres, its very understandable that the local contingent was able to pick up only four graded races over the entire season. Only one of these races was at a Mile and a Half and the win in that was testament more to the talents of Isn’t She Special’s trainer, S Padmanabhan than any help from the system (in fact due to a lack of opportunity, this same filly was perceived to be a non stayer until she won the Indian Oaks). The Champion horse of the season Amazing Grace owned by Vijay Mallya was lucky to find herself in the Liquor Baron’s Western India operation under Pesi Shroff rather than in Bangalore, where I doubt she’d have reached the heights that she has. Amazing Grace made her debut over 10 Furlongs in Bombay which she duly won, after this she was stepped up into the mile and a half Oaks and Indian Derby where she performed well enough but not enough to win, after picking up another long distance race in Bombay she headed to Bangalore where she won a mile race, then a graded race Hat Trick via the Chief Justice Cup (9 furlongs), Maharaja’s Cup (11Furlongs) and topped it out in a 3 runner St. Leger (14 Furlongs), expectedly 2 of the 3 runners were from outstation. Now if this filly had been with Jaggy or Suleiman they would have compulsorily had to start her career likely over a maximum of 7 Furlongs and would have had only one chance to run over a trip until the end of Bangalore Summer Season in her three year old career that too in the Summer Derby, Shroff has only had to cut her back to a mile for her first run this Summer season. This is why stayers rarely reach the heights in Bangalore.

The boring and mundane short distance racing one sees is due to The handicapper’s myopic vision which he put into force many years ago, unfortunately nobody questioned it and as a result things have now reached a point where we simply go through the motions, akin to seeing only 100 metre races in Atheletics, one division for the top end another for women, another for runners who are over 30, another for runners over 50 another for runners with missing toes and achilles tendons, another for runners over 60 who have had a hip replacement and another for fat guys etc. etc. you get the point. Bangalore racing rarely even stretches to a mile as a result we are now producing inferior jockeys who have never ridden over a trip, trainers who have lost the ability to train for stamina as well and horses who are bred to run longer distances being forced to sprint instead. Mo Farah wouldn’t stand a chance in a 100 or even 400 metre race, would he? Similarly a filly liked Winged Foot who won the Bangalore Oaks of 2014 when rated 38 needs to run a full mile and a half to really show her true colours. Yet here we are forced to run sons of Ascot Gold Cup winners over a 6 or 7 furlong trip and then wonder why they run so poorly.

Races must have 8 runners is the rule followed in Bangalore and when there are 16 or more acceptors then races are divided. Even the division system is flawed, rather than equated divisions, where there is an even split of runners, here the better runners go to the higher division while the lower division gets the inferior horses. Another backward thought process that is put into practice is that if a class 2 and class 5 race are dividing but as a result there is a card in excess of 8 or 9 races then the shittier race is divided and the better race goes to balloting. Normal intelligent human beings would have it the other way around but here its never about competence its as they say in India, “Like That only.”

Next comes his handicapping where he has created a system whereby one is encouraged to be a non trier since after winning as he slams you with penalties that are so draconian that it often causes horses to retire, its happened with two mares I owned years ago called South Sea and Hoorpari. Its as if he overcompensates for earlier errors when he rates horses. Both these fillies won by too much, as a result they got slammed penalties so heavy that they simply stopped being competitive so we just retired them rather than keep running for the sake of it to find a fair handicap mark again. The idea of handicapping is to equate every horse’s chances in a race so that people are encouraged to bet on a spread of horses in a race rather than have a one sided betting affair. Unfortunately when one sees the racecard its rather obvious which horse will win as every trainer in Bangalore has figured out Mr. Handicapper’s style and race their horses as such. If you try your horse every single time you have a snowball’s chance in hell of succeeding. Take the case of Cape Ferrat he is a genuine horse who has got rogered by the handicapper so badly that it took him more than 700 days between races to win when he won on the penultimate week of racing. On the flip-side see a horse called Brownie who was rated 41, has been run without being tried and won a race by dropping 21 points in a six month period. The champion trainer of the Summer Amit Caddy has the handicapper figured out to a T and he has reaped the rewards. Full marks to the young man who has mastered the system of Bangalore’s handicapper and its system of racing, he has performed admirably within the system created at BTC. A majority of his winners made the handicapper look really bad as horses won sub 45 rated races for age group horses in a common canter, with the jockey looking around at the bend if anything was coming from behind, nothing ever was most of the time. Further the trainer’s winners got some insanely huge penalties which his runners further defied, he was that far ahead of the Handicapper. The handicapper’s failure as a racing person has been glaring, he has forgotten that this a sport and yes a business too but first and foremost a SPORT!

Riding instructions are pretty straightforward, good jump, try and get to the rails hold up till 300 out and go for it. We ooh and aah when we see Richard Hughes hold up a horse and produce it at just the right time to win Group ones, here our boys do not have the luxury of holding up as in a sprint you have to be up there or you are accused of stopping your horse. Training is a form of art and the top purveyors of this art like Rashid Byramji, Sir Henry Cecil, Sir Michael Stoute, Aidan O Brien, Vincent O Brien, Woody Stephens, Bobby Frankel, Andre Fabre, Francois Boutin, Ettiene Pollet and Charlie Whittingham are not known because they trained top horses at Six and Seven Furlongs they are known for their records in classics and the shortest classic is run over a mile and the longest over a mile and three quarters. When you train for longer trips you must work your horses over long clippy canters, balance it with the proper pace work usually a mile gallop. This must be balanced with the right amount of feed and the right amount of exertion so that a horse runs at its peak on Derby Day!

The St Leger had 3 runners, the reason being that there is no proper programme that leads up to the St Leger, further to that is the draconian system the handicapper follows, if a 40 rated horse beats a 100 rated runner and places in the first three, he actually puts that horse up to the level of the beaten runner and as a result the horse ends up way out of scale. This pretty much chases away genuine contenders who are sitting lower in the scale due to the lack of long distance opportunities. How do we fix this? Its actually pretty simple, there should be ample opportunity at every trip all the way from Five and a Half Furlongs all the way up to a mile and a half. Rather than skew the system in favour of shorter trips, there needs to be a proper programme for Sprinters, Milers, Middle Distance runners and Stayers. We need to card at least one 10 Furlong plus race on every race day, boost the prize money of these races and see that they are gone through irrespective of whether there are seven runners or more in these races. In fact if only one runner accepts, go through the formalities of a walkover if need be. Once the owners and trainers see that prize money is going a begging you’ll find them get a lot more adventurous and running over longer trips.

Another huge factor in this entire problem is the quota system, something that was put into force first by Hyderabad Race Club in order to save their local trainers and owners from fair outstation competition. This was something that was done at the cost of SPORT. Racing when you have these restrictions suffers, as a lack of competition breeds laziness and as it is in many fields you improve when you compete with the best. You don’t learn how to play pace bowling by facing Vinay Kumar or Manoj Prabhakar you learn by facing, Andy Roberts, Dennis Lillee, Jeff Thompson and Dale Steyn. Competition in sport must always be unfettered and be about the best beating the best. As a result of the quota system many more competent trainers have their numbers restricted while less competent trainers are treated on an equal footing due to what must be perceived to be a, “Fair System.” This is sport mate and nothing in sport should ever be equated, the best must thrive and the bad must perish. Do we treat Sachin Tendulkar and any other batsman the same way, the answer is a big fat NO. A system needs to come about where the top end of the sport must be nurtured and one must create conditions where the mediocre must pull up their socks or else they must be forced to quit. Treating a trainer who has a strike rate of 6% the same as a trainer who fires at 22% winners to runners is plain wrong. There must be norms in place where the guy who isn’t performing must be warned that his performance must improve and if it doesn’t he must be de-licensed like in Hong Kong. Similarly the BTC must understand that they are running a business and certain trainers’ horses attract a hell of a lot more betting than others, as a result of which BTC earns a commission of 4% of every Rupee bet. In return BTC provides these trainers with valuable real estate in the shape of stables for their horses. Now isn’t it normal for you to give a higher commission to the man who earns you more money than another colleague, similarly you have to create a system and atmosphere where the trainer who is earning you less money is made to suffer to a point where he either earns you more money or he quits. Racing isn’t a Socialist Democracy its supposed to be a Capitalist Meritocracy, perform or perish.

The level of stiping is abysmal, as a result trainers and jockeys are stopping horses at will without ever being hauled up by the stipes. The entire team needs to be sent during the hiatus from racing to work in Hong Kong, America or Europe and taught what their job is. On the last weekend I saw a jockey whom I rarely use and now never will, give a stone cold run to a Filly of mine in a seven furlong maiden set. I could make it out but the stipes, I can guarantee you will not even question the ride. This is how it went down; my horse didn’t have a great chance of winning on paper, the trainer asked for the jockey to take a good jump and sit up as close to the pace as possible and do his best from there, instead the jockey takes a tug on jumping out and rode as if he was stoned the whole way and covered a few in the stretch. Honestly I thought that the race was made up on the winner as even the other jockeys including the Runner Up were very half assed in their attempt to win. Instead of the leaders if one was to look at the last five horses in every race, you’ll see exactly how every single one is ridden in other words its how a run is given. Similarly there is another perceived to be top jockey who rather than attempt to win is busier in interfering with fancied runners instead. I’ve noticed two cases which were blatant and if one were to sit down and watch every race run I’m sure a man with coke bottle glasses would find another dozen such cases unfortunately the stipes pick up NOTHING! The Result of incompetent officials is more fixing in racing.

The Committee of Bangalore Turf Club should understand that the bureaucracy of the club is making them look bad. Similar to how red tapism and bad bureaucratic babudom makes the world perceive that their politicians are useless. The committee and stewards find themselves unfairly blamed and they should understand that they have the power to crack the whip on the salaried employees of the club who aren’t competent at their jobs. The whole system needs an overhaul with a very different attitude, structure and a fresher and more modern system. We need to balance racing out over every distance and have races over varying trips in every class of racing. Similarly we need to have more conditions races for our better class runners. The bottom quality races should be claiming races as the sword of having their hooked horse claimed will prevent further malpractice which is rampant as off now. The handicapper is completely at sea and most trainers know how much he is going to drop them and when he is going to drop them, this is a massive problem and is causing the sport to suffer. Age group racing needs to be discontinued in the entire country as this is a remnant of the 70s which has now run amuck. Age group racing was encouraged because there was a shortage of horses to fill up cards all over the country as the breeding industry wasn’t breeding enough youngstock to populate the various clubs’ stables. Today there is a glut and a very heavy level of overproduction.

Currently Bangalore racing is all about horses aged 4 and over who carry a sub 40 rating. To put it in perspective the champion trainer won 19 races, his best victory was in an open company 40-65 set, his 19 winners had an average rating of 30.8 further to this he claimed an allowance of about 3.8 rating points through creative use of apprentice jockeys which means his average winner effectively ran off’ve a rating of 27. Racing and sport is supposed to be about excellence, isn’t it? The 2014 Bangalore Summer Season was far from it, it was gritty grimy gambling and not at all about sport.

The Good, The Bad and The Ugly!

When I started writing this blog, the intention was to put down on record my thoughts on a sport that is also my business and a way of life for me. The response has been overwhelming so far and one hopes that I am able to convince some of the powers that be in Indian racing of the many ills that plague our sport. At the same time most of the time I come across as what we boarding school kids call a,”Sheddy.” Well I am far from that and In this blog I intend to mention a few things that our sport can say are world class.

Lets start with the Indian Stud Book; here was an institution that was very poorly run until Major Srinivas Nargolkar walked up to the plate as the registrar. Major as we fondly call him brought about a radical change in an institution that was as poorly run as the rest of the sport. I doubt many people know this but our Stud Book is a model that most countries in the world come to see when they want to find out how things are done. Major, computerised most of the data that the Stud Book kept. He started maintaining proper statistics, organised in such a way that the Stud Book took over a lot of stuff that breeders were being made to do such as the responsibility of doing their own write-ups for the annual sale. I remember one year in the 80s when Major Pradeep Mehra and my father, Sonny Brar messed up their deadlines and both of their sales entries were rejected and we conducted a separate sale at Delhi Race Club, so if you wanted to buy a Grey Gaston one hoofed it to Delhi and incidentally out of this sale came the year’s champion filly, Chaitanya Ratham (TV Sunday-Urvashi by Everyday II) not only did she wipe out all the Southern classics in her year but went on to produce an Indian Derby winner in Astronomic.

Major would come around to every stud farm at least once a year with lots of test tubes to collect blood samples for Blood Typing of our yearlings. Proper rules were set, proper deadlines were made and the breeding industry followed. He humanised the Stud Book and personally knew every single breeder. Whereas the previous registrars would talk down to most breeders, Major was like a good housemaster in boarding school, fair yet firm. Our Stud Book kept up with every single innovation that the world came up with and he was very instrumental in helping set up our DNA testing lab in Pune. One rarely hears of anybody ever felicitating him for the service that he provided, after he retired and after two registrars who weren’t in the same mould as him, later the reins have been handed over to Satish Iyer who worked very closely with Major.

A person I find to be in a similar mould to his Guru, Satish is a person with his roots in computers and he was responsible for undertaking the computerisation of the Indian Stud Book. Since he has taken over, the Stud Book has been brought up to scratch keeping in mind more modern systems of computing as earlier the Stud Book ran on DOS programming. A great idea has been the adding of a CD ROM in the sleeve of every Stud Book publication so that one can access data in pdf format. The latest innovation was the launch of a website which provides data on every Indian thoroughbred and the site is updated on a weekly basis. One understands that Gautam Lala played a large role in conceptualising this and at an annual subscription of a Thousand bucks you get proper information on every mare, stallion and foal in India, its not just the best value in Indian racing but I’d dare say its the biggest bargain in the world’s breeding industry. A recent innovation has been a breeders’ portal for the registration of foals as well as maintaining accounts. Recently Satish gave a very well received presentation on the Indian breeding industry at a session at the 2014 Asian Racing Conference in Hong Kong, the session was chaired by Dr. Cyrus Poonawalla. Our Stud Book is one of the industry’s only world class institutions and thank god we have it or else maybe we too would head the way of Pakistan which has lost its status as a country that produces thoroughbreds. The staff at the Stud Book are what one could call helpful facilitators and the entire team are very well marshalled and know their jobs. That is indeed testament to the man at the helm, keep up the good work.

Keeping in the positive mode one must mention the new Monsoon track that has been laid in Pune. I remember in the old days Pune racing would often get cancelled when the ghats were over-run with torrential rainfall. At that time part of the racing surface was converted into a Monsoon track while another part of it was still the old black cotton soil based surface. The old monsoon track it seems had run its course and a refurbishment was required. Recently RWITC has converted the entire surface into a track that holds up well under wet conditions but at the same time plays fair in bright sunshine too. As if on cue it poured during the opening week of the Pune races and the track as well as timings held up extremely well one hopes the entire exercise is a massive success and the surface plays fair and is safe for the horses that race on it. Apparently the Bangalore track is set for a refurbishment at the end of the Summer Season, this is urgently required and one hopes it all goes off well.

Now lets get to the bad and ugly of Indian racing and unfortunately nothing typifies it better than the soon to be concluded Bangalore Summer Season. As outstation horses return to their home bases, BTC is struggling to fill their cards and races have been going void, this week Thursday’s card has an abysmal lot of 6 races. I couldn’t but help notice two horses in Friday’s first race which are racing off a mark of ZERO! Yes Sifar, Nought, Nil. What has gone wrong with racing at BTC? This club handles more betting on their tote than the rest of India’s tracks combined, yet its been sliding like a freight train going downhill. This is my home centre and I have seen the heydays of the Bangalore Summer Season. The days when Rashid Byramji would become champion trainer after giving his pursuer a lead of six maybe eight into the last week of racing. The days when Vasant Shinde would say, “Baba Sollid” and then get beat by Pesi Shroff, Aslam Kader, Warren Singh and Karan Singh. The quality of trainers was top notch and the jockeys were a different class to the riders of this era. I will never forget Vasant’s ride on Nine Carat in the Bangalore Derby when the filly stumbled out of the gates; in one smooth motion the man had the filly on her feet and moving as if nothing happened when moments before her nose was on the turf. Similarly Pesi Shroff’s ride on Brave Dancer in the Maharaja’s Cup where he stole a march on Divine Light at the top of the straight and held her off in an epic battle to the wire versus Vasant. This was Elusive Pimpernel, Adler and In The Spotlight’s home centre. India’s best trainer S. Padmanabhan is based out of Bangalore. Yet their big races have been plundered by raiders from Bombay and even Hyderabad. Things are so bad that even the best Three year old in Karnataka; Fink is based 3 hours down the road away in Mysore! As it stands the best 3 year old in Bangalore is Bold Majesty with a Fourth in the Derby and a poor runner up effort in the mile million on Sunday.

Bangalore was homestead to Rashid Byramji who was head and shoulders above the competition. The best would come from Bombay, Haskell David brought his A Team from Calcutta and a whole lot of horses arrived from Madras and Hyderabad too. This was our national season, our Saratoga. What happened? This year The entire season has been a train wreck! I hope those in-charge take my comments and suggestions in the right spirit. My intention is to be constructively critical for the betterment of sport and nothing else. I will go into details regarding all this in my next blog so that I don’t get too verbose as many of my readers have said so. Just a synopsis of what I intend to discuss as regards Bangalore, the Prospectus, the human element, an ill conceived Quota System and the lack of opportunities for superior stock and inversely too much opportunity for the lowest third of the stock in training. Similarly a Socialist attitude for a Capitalist sport has led to a destruction of merit and excellence isn’t rewarded while incompetence isn’t punished.

Nothing To Be Ashamed Of Except Saturday’s BTC Card!!!

The recent travails of racing as a sport and breeding as a business have led me to a conclusion, of how we fall into a complete blind spot as regards the Government. Racing has failed and failed miserably at that to keep up with the times. The sport has been unable to cash in on its incumbent advantage as the only legal form of gambling on mainland India. I have spoken often about the so called, “Club” system and its numerous failings to administer a 21st Century sport.

The Racing and Breeding industry provides an estimated 3.3 Million direct man days of employment in India and most of that number is rural jobs. I haven’t taken into consideration all the indirect jobs that are created such as in the hospitality sector and many others. Yet we are unable to shake off the stigma of being considered a vice and being looked upon as a rich man’s indulgence. This attitude is far from the truth since I doubt there is a sport in the world that requires as much labour whether its a white collar executive all the way down to the guy who has to shovel horse-shit. As an example take my farm which is located in rural India in a village in Punjab, if I was farming rice and wheat, which incidentally is far more profitable under the current scenario we find ourselves in as an industry, I would need no more than 30 people to work on my farm since a lot of modern farming, especially in Punjab is done with machines but since I breed horses I require many times that number. Added to this are the intangibles that one never thinks about, the pursuit of breeding horses is a green industry. Utilisation of insecticides and weed killers is minimal as horses would be harmed by their use. The pressure on water resources is far less than if one was farming the land for crops. A paddock needs watering once a month vis a vis crops which need a weekly or at least a fortnightly watering. So here we are, a green environmentally friendly industry that hires a large number of people to work and gives extra revenue to the Government, sounds like a fail safe doesn’t it? We should get respect but we find ourselves on the oblique opposite side of respect, we’re looked down upon. We are neither treated as a sport, an industry or an agricultural activity. We are the orphan of Indian Policy making.

So here is an environmentally friendly industry that runs right through the core of society be it Mr Tycoon who buys a horse or Mr Syce who looks after a horse or Mr. Farrier who is a skilled worker or Mr. Trainer whose job is akin to that of a sports coach or Mr. Jockey who if good is as talented as any cricket player and yet has the toughest profession in sports as a whole as he must control his weight as well as retain his strength to control a 500 KG horse. To top all this we give the government oodles of cash from betting taxes for the privilege of running our sport and get fiddle all in return from them only more hurdles and hoops to pass through. We need to hold our heads high and be proud of what we do; breeding, training and riding is an art-form which is very nuanced and extremely difficult to master. See the regard greats like Lester Piggot, Sir Henry Cecil or Federico Tesio are held in, in their homelands they are revered as gods and books are written about their achievements, sadly its not the case in India. Whereas in most other countries around the world racing and breeding is seen as a major economic driver, in India we have been way off the mark when it comes to making a good case for ourselves in the eyes of the government or the public.

Racing has been deemed to be a sport by a landmark Supreme Court judgement in 1996. In other words we ought to be treated on par with other sports and should be getting grants like other sports such as Kabbadi and Kho-Kho get from the Sports Ministry, what do we get? Once again the answer is Nada! Instead we get our state government in Maharashtra tax the tote 27% and then wonder why everybody bets on the phone with illegal bookies instead of the Tote. Unfortunately we once again fall in a policy blind-spot while babudom orders us to bend-over even more.

Anyway enough of all that and lets return to The worst Bangalore Summer Season in history. After some good racing over Derby weekend despite a deluge of rain we return to reality. Saturday’s card is a repeat of the shitfest that we witnessed on the Saturday before Derby week. Though on the positive side it was great to see the track hold up really well despite some solid rain over the entire Derby week which turned into sheets on Derby Sunday. The going albeit soft was safe and every race on the card was gone through, well done BTC at least something deserves praise; the current management of the racing surface.

Going racing at BTC is akin to going to see a Formula One race but being treated to racing Maruti 800s instead and to add to that analogy Maruti 800s that are for good measure 5 Years old and over. Age group racing was encouraged when there was a shortage of horses for racing in the 70s, it was a way to encourage owners to keep their older and less competitive stock and card races for them to earn their cornbill and the quid pro quo was that they ensured that numbers in an era of horse shortage remained healthy enough to card a proper racecard on a weekly basis. In the same era BTC, RWITC and HRC ran breeding operations to populate their stables and clubs subsidised horse ownership. Now we have a glut of horses, so why continue with the boring spectacle of age group racing. RCTC has pretty much done away with it, its about time BTC smelt the Coffee and did so too. Carding races for lower class aged horses is causing racing to fall into a rut as since owning a 25 rated 6 year old is so lucrative, why attempt to buy a nice juvenile instead when no proper races are being written for them. The quota system that was instituted a few years ago now is bearing fruit, unfortunately the fruit is about as tasty as Snow White’s Apple. While genuine buyers are denied quotas or rather restricted, many trainers who do not have the clientele and as such funds to buy young-stock were given quotas which they have been obliged to fill since they were allotted. The result has been that they have brought in inferior stock which was available cheap and in most cases stock on contingency without any care about quality. In other words horses that shouldn’t be in racing have found their way into the BTC racing system and are going to be around for many more years to for the lack of a better word pollute the sport as a bad jockey or trainer would and these nags have taken a stable that could have been occupied by a superior horse. Currently racing is so far down the abyss that a race featuring the stray dogs of BTC would be more watchable than what is being churned out in the name of racing.

BTC has been plagued recently with a a lack of direction, deteriorating standards of racing, the complete lack of any policing of the sport to ensure fairplay, no consistency in decisions taken and a general apathetic attitude towards everything whether its a cup of tea or a Derby winning racehorse. In the the real world (read everywhere but BTC) the man at the helm would have been sacked eons ago for pure non performance but here there is nobody at the helm, so nobody to hold accountable; no professional CEO who is empowered to take decisions, expand business or generally manage affairs as a company with a ₹1600 Crore turnover should. The stiping levels have fallen to depths of depravity previously never seen. The department is today only competent to count how many times a horse is whipped. Jockeys give runs today with an impunity that I have never seen before in my life, its so bad that the handicapper doesn’t even change the rating of more than half of a weekend’s runners, in other words he feels that these horses are not running on merit. Recently Wayne Wood has been hired to hopefully improve the sorry state of affairs, one hopes he has had a dispassionate look at the sorry state of affairs and the competence level of those around him. I’m pretty sure that he is aware of the surgery required in the department and he should be empowered to take a cleaver to it if he so desires and make sure that racing officials know their jobs properly, currently pushing pens is the only place where there is excellence!


So Summer has arrived, while we suffer 40+ Celsius up North, the more temperate climes of Bangalore enable us to have Indian racing’s only national season, the Bangalore Summer Meeting. The racing world of India and the cream of the crop among 3 year olds congregate at the Garden City for high intensity action every weekend. There was a time when the season used to actually be top class but the recent and unfortunate developments at Bangalore Turf Club where racing is now mainly about low level age group handicaps and the authorities cater more to the basal part of racing ie gambling, this has in my opinion taken the fizz out of Bangalore Summer and the sport of it. There exists a small cherry on racing’s cake which is about excellence and winning big races. This segment of Indian racing has been in very steep decline recently, something our racing administrators have failed to see and as a result racing has been becoming less classy over a period of time. The handicapper in Bangalore has more often than not only seen the business side of racing and rarely ever cared about racing as a sport. While this apathetic attitude is one of the reasons for the decline in the top end of our sport, there are a myriad of factors that have contributed to this phenomena.

First of all there is the Turf Authorities of India and their associated bodies. One of these is the Pattern Race Committee which is supposed to work in order to assure that the integrity of the pattern system is upheld. They are supposed to push races up and down in the pattern depending on the quality of the races concerned. Unfortunately they haven’t ever been doing their job properly. A good example is the Poonawalla Breeders Multi Million, here is a race that is supposed to be the juvenile Derby. Breeders have to enter their yearlings for this race at the same time that they enter their stock for the sales. No final entries are allowed, now this race carries a Grade 1 tag, yet if the top horse of the crop has not been entered for the race a full year and a half before it is to run this race it cannot run. A good example of this would be Set Alight who would have won this in her year but simply couldn’t run. So is the winner a truly deserving Grade 1 winner in our catalogue? Similarly there are the 7, “Classic” races run in Hyderabad where horses have to be entered before they even run a race, once again no final entries are allowed. Now is the winner a true Grade 1 winner or just the best entered? The new thing that many of our racing jurisdictions have figured out is to slam the owners with a massive entry fee and then have negligible amounts cut at each forfeit stage, recently Bangalore Turf Club and our new Turf Authority Mysore Race Club who have followed this formula for many years have also done this with their classics. The Bangalore Summer Derby which is considered to be India’s biggest race notwithstanding the Indian Derby costs a whopping 2 Lakhs to run. The result has been that fewer and fewer horses are being entered for these races. Hyderabad Race Club has recently extended this concept over to their terms and graded races too. The President Of India Gold Cup which is a Grade 1 race over 2400 Metres designed to be along the lines of the Arc De Triomphe in France with weight for age terms, the race has its entries close in January for the September race date. What is amazing with this step is the fact that entries close before any of the mile and a half Derbies are run. This travesty has gone largely unnoticed and the owners and trainers have largely kept quiet as regards this, the reason being very few in racing are effected by it. What it does effect is the top end of our sport which goes into the annals of history.

Further to this the grading of races is very arbitrary, for example the Grade 1 Stayers Cup and Calcutta’s Indian Champion Cup historically get a field that is inferior to the Maharaja’s Cup a Grade 2 race run during the Bangalore Summer Season. Another race that gets a top field is the BTC Anniversary Cup another Grade 2 terms race for horses that are four years old and over run over Seven Furlongs. Compare the Sprinters Cup and Super Mile fields with this race and once again you’ll find that the fields in theses races are usually inferior or on par. Hyderabad has recently launched a myriad of Millions for their juveniles Four of these races carry a graded monicker, the Darley Arabian, Alcock Arabian, Byerly Turk and the Golconda Juvenile Million. Historically these races have thrown up winners of inferior quality, who rarely make the top grade in the future. In many of these so called Million races, the swing in weights is so mammoth that one juvenile has to give away more than 10 KG to another, as a result rather than throw up winners in the name of excellence, they tend to throw up winners that are better placed on handicap.

Another reason for all this is how Indian Racing has descended into a rat race over shorter distances. Rarely do we find races beyond 7 Furlongs, yet most of the pattern races cater to horses that race at a mile and beyond. We must create proper racing opportunities for horses in every stream whether it be sprinting, middle distance or staying races. We need to get away from the over dependance that we have on handicap racing, while there is a definite place for handicap racing in the sport, there needs to be a parallel programme that caters to our superior stock. Currently if you win a Maiden Special Weight (Level Weights) race with your debutant runner, the handicapper gives the horse a rating. Now either you take the plunge and run into the top tier of races against more seasoned runners or run in a handicap race against older runners who have been given a mandatory 6 point drop at the end of winter season. A good example of this was Carlton who had to take on Classic placed runners like Arrogant Approach and Ambitious Reward in an open company 60 and above race, Carlton found this high rating because he won 3 races against horses of his own age group at Hyderabad. We need more terms or as they are called conditions events abroad so that our better horses get a better opportunity to get more experience before they take the plunge against the very best. The concept of giving the older horses a mandatory drop at the end of the racing year is acceptable but this drop doesn’t apply to 3 year olds. Many trainers in Western India use this swing in weights to a huge advantage during the Pune season. The Turf Authorities need more cohesion and uniformity in the way they go about their business. Our racing has ceased to be a quality product and unfortunately the Turf Authorities must bear the blame for this. Overall the system is never exact since the handicapper is a human being and it simply takes a little bit of time before the professionals have his number. Take the example of Bangalore, one often finds a 0-25 race won by a wide margin, why is this? This should never happen with good handicapping, finishes should theoretically be closer, it would be interesting if one were to study the winning distances in handicap races, especially the age group ones. Trainers have got smart to the current incumbent’s method, while he penalises heavily for, “trying” your horse he is far more lenient to non triers especially among 3 year olds, all you got to do is give your horse 3 runs, he’ll start you off a mark of 28 for colts and 25 for fillies. A couple more runs and you’ll shave off a few more points off your horse’s rating. Finally declare a good jockey, prepare a horse properly (which in a fair system ought to have been done from the first start itself) and fancy your runner and even if its not a champ, watch it come home clear of the field. Bet heavily on your horse and viola Bob’s yer uncle! Amazingly in Indian racing declaring a bad jockey on your runner gives you license to give your horse a, “run.” Whereas the world over this would land a trainer with a suspension. Similarly incompetent jockeys must have their license revoked since the public is betting and where money is involved, incompetence always leads to big trouble.

I know that most of the time I write about what I perceive to be wrong with the way our sport is run but I’m happy to praise wherever praise is due. I had written about the abysmal surface at Bangalore, I must compliment BTC on what I have seen of their track so far this season. The track looks lush and there seem to be far fewer divots flying around, which is a clear sign of a poorly maintained surface. A better track is safer for our equine atheletes, Lets hope the surface holds up well for the entire season especially its ability to handle the copious amounts of rain that the Bangalore Summer seems to bring.

The other day I was discussing with a few trainer friends about how due to bad or rather pathetic administration of Indian racing, the sport hasn’t kept up with the times. There was a time in the Seventies and Eighties when a trainer with his earnings from commissions could buy a house in a good part of Bangalore and the profession was seen to be one of respect and a fairly good way to earn a living. This is not the case now. Poor planning and myopic men at the head of the sport have meant that Prize money hasn’t kept up with inflation and the result has been that the majority of the licensees must resort to earning their money from pulling off gambles. I doubt anybody in India has a story as good as Barry Hills and Frankincense (read about it after googling it, rather than me explain it). Gambling by nature is an unsure way to earn a living and horses being horses, the variables are innumerable and as such probabilities many. While every trainer has a good story of how he pulled off a punt, he won’t let on about all those failures. A couple of years back I noticed a certain trainer was doing well and banging in the winners, so I commented regarding him raking it in big time, the response from another trainer came back promptly, “then how come every other week he gets clobbered by some goon.” Point taken, just shows that gambling ain’t an easy way to make a Living.

I’ve been hugely disappointed by the fare churned out at Bangalore over the Summer Season. I doubt very much I have been as bored with the racing on Colts’ Trial day as I have ever been. For the first time ever I actually felt like my ass was numb from sitting and seeing a very boring card gone through. Don’t get me wrong, Be Safe was super in the Colts’ but racing is becoming dull and dreary and we just go through the motions in a mundane and boring manner. Bad food, bad drink, bad seating, bad commentary, bad television coverage, bad sound system, bad stiping, bad riding, boring hardcore gamblers, boring racing, boring card….. You get the picture bad and boring sums it up!

Recently a trainer and jockey went for the proverbial high jump due to what appeared to be a case of malpractice at Bangalore. The stewards handed the jockey a year’s suspension and the trainer a six month ban. Upon appeal, the appeal board overturned the decision completely and exonerated the trainer in question. While not taking sides and saying whether the concerned were guilty or not, either the committee of stewards is incompetent or the appeal board, one of them have made a mistake, since one gave the punishment and the other rescinded it. I leave it up to you to decide who.

9 new trainers’ licenses were approved by Bangalore Turf Club after many eons. Thanks to the Xenophobic nature that we encourage in India, leading Indian trainer S Padmanabhan’s assistant James Mckeown’s license has been kept pending due to red tape. The young man in question has an excellent CV and topped the written test, he has worked in America as well as Europe and comes from a propah horseman family, he has been at his boss’s right and overseen the training of many top horses, just to mention one, I think you’ve heard of a nice filly called In The Spotlight. There has been an attempt by a certain section of the polity of Indian racing to create red tape, loopholes and hurdles for him since he is a foreign citizen, which smacks of nothing short of xenophobia, shame on you all who are responsible for this and yessiree bob you guys are c@%ts.

The balance of guys who have been approved to train at Bangalore have been told that they must have a minimum number of twenty horses as one of the fulfilling conditions. In other words if one takes the average cost of a decent in training horse at about 5 Lakhs it means these youngsters have an entry cost of a crore. Considering only two of the nine guys have fulfilled the criteria, incidentally both sons of current trainers, why bother going through this entire charade? Its sad to see these guys get desperate and take absolutely any horse from any dubious person just so that they can reach that magic figure of 20. Its a very tough profession young men and there ain’t no pot of gold at the end of any rainbow in Indian racing today, so really think hard before you take the plunge.

In the interim off season of racing, things have been moving in the right direction as regards the proposed new racecourse near Ludhiana in Punjab. Hopefully by the end of the Bangalore Summer Season a contract ought to be signed and we will know who is going to be handed the reins of India’s first greenfield racing facility for over four decades. The track will be run by a private investor with a 100% Tote monopoly. Further to this the winning bidder will also get the right to run betting shops across the state of Punjab, another thing envisaged is a statewide bet along the lines of the Scoop 6 or the Tierce where the pool is humongous and the pay off can build up to many multiples of crores, in other words a real life changing bet! This isn’t anything new, its just new to unimaginative India, where its about time something of this sort happened. In order for racing to thrive, the business of the sport must do well. Higher revenues mean higher purses and racing must become remunerative to those involved or else the decline in the quality of owners and professionals will continue unabated. Racing needs its Oomph back and become the cool sport that it is at Royal Ascot, Breeders Cup, the Cheltenham festival, in Hong Kong, in Japan. It needs to be about Champagne not about that Chilli Bhaji available in the owners’ stand!!

Surfaces, Safety, Lounges and the Mandal commission type racing at BTC!!!!

The Invitation Cup just got over and I planned to write about everything at the gala event of Indian racing but what I saw got me thinking. Murioi stumbled and fell in the Invitation Cup, whatever the reasons may be for his fall, I’m not definitively saying it was the surface. Generally speaking its about time our horses got to run on well conditioned safe surfaces on a daily basis something that is not happening in our various racetracks all over India.

Not one of our tracks have a professional looking after our grass or exercise surfaces on which our horses run. I have been a regular race goer at Bangalore for well over 30 years now as such I have a fair idea of the problems trainers face over there. Lets start with the main turf track; this is supposed to slope inwards with water draining out towards the rail. Unfortunately BTC has gone on for years dumping tan on the track which has disintegrated over the years to completely ruin the surface. The grass track is almost a foot higher than the outer sand, the extra foot is all disintegrated tan bark, which has now become tan dust. Whenever it rains rather than become soft, the surface becomes very shifty and as a result very often racing ends up getting cancelled. Further to this no levelling has been done either as a result instead of sloping inwards, the track is higher on either side and low in the middle as a result of which it is shaped like a tea saucer and instead of water running off it stagnates on the track thus causing further unevenness in the surface.

A majority of horses in Bangalore do their exercise work on the outer sand track, the preparation of this surface too leaves a lot to be desired. Currently the system is that a cultivator behind a 35 or 45 HP Massey Ferguson tractor runs over the surface in order to prepare it. First of all the tractor is way underpowered, this causes the tractor to pull in an uneven manner as wherever the sand is heavier the tractor struggles. Secondly the cultivator’s prongs (in Punjabi we call them “Phallas”) are not symmetrical, this causes the surface to be uneven and creates ridges, which is dangerous as horses can take a misstep because of the unevenness of the surface. When it rains all the sand near the bend which is the high point of the track washes away. This has never been addressed, one wonders how many horses have damaged themselves during morning work. I’m sure the vets are kept much busier than they need to be with lameness issues. The solution is very simple use a more powerful tractor like a 75 HP John Deere with a proper implement attached. I have seen chain harrows being used to very good effect in America to prepare dirt surfaces. After every race three huge tractors working in a line go through the track before which water is sprinkled in order to keep dust to a minimum and the surface at just the right amount of moisture without making it slushy.

While I have first hand knowledge of Bangalore since I am closely involved with racing over there, other clubs too have problems with their racing surfaces. The Calcutta track looks very patchy and one doesn’t quite understand their system of trackwork either, I have heard from various professionals over there talking about the quality of the exercise surface and most of them do say that it is not up to the mark. Their racing track looks very worn out and considering the fact that they get plenty of rain in the City of Joy, I am pretty sure that the surface can be much sounder.

From the first race of Invitation weekend it was rather apparent that the track preparation left a lot to be desired. Divots were flying all over the place and jockeys too came back saying that conditions were not optimum. Its unfortunate that it rained which caused the postponement of the Invitation Cup, The Super Mile and Marty’s Million to the following Saturday. It rained in the ensuing days too and the Invitation day’s races were run on the Monsoon track which is made of a packed layer of sand with grass on it, honestly its the closest we have to the American dirt tracks in India. While one understands and empathises with HRC regarding the situation that they found themselves in one couldn’t help getting the feeling that the track wasn’t prepared quite well enough.

RWITC’s Mahalaxmi track is one of the flattest and fairest in Indian racing, here too the surface that is produced for their daily races is too firm. A couple of years back the track had been resurfaced in some sort of way, the trainers here were quite critical over how the track was playing. The problem all over the country is that we have people with no knowledge of turf maintenance and conditioning in charge of things. This has become a very well researched field in recent times, with a proper mix of different kinds of grasses for different times of the year and seasons as well as soil types. Whereas in Indian racing its treated as just grass. Golf courses have taken the lead in India over the conditioning of their surfaces for optimum playing conditions. A stone’s throw away from the BTC is the Bangalore Golf Club, I remember when I was a kid one saw more red soil than grass whenever one drove past here. In the last decade or so they have figured things out and now its lush green right through the year. Similarly there was a time when our cricket stadiums had patchy surfaces as a result of which Indians weren’t very well known for diving for the ball for fear of injury, in recent times a quantum improvement in the quality of the turf has seen top quality fielders like Virat Kohli, Suresh Raina and the like emerge and they throw themselves all over the place. Proper watering systems need to be in place at all tracks so that safe, good going is available most of the time. Further to this I have noticed the safety railings that HRC first introduced in India, Calcutta has followed suit. These rails collapse on impact as a result of which they are safer for both horse and rider. The jockey’s association must demand that every track have these in place rather than the reinforced concrete railings in use at some tracks. These are an accident, simply waiting to happen. For the sake of safety of human and animal life we need these collapsible safety railings made compulsory, c’mon Jockeys Association of India and Animal Welfare Board lets see you take up this worthwhile cause.

Anyway enough of all that and lets look at whats been good in racing recently. Hyderabad hosted the Invitation Cup at Malakpet, with rain delays notwithstanding, one must give credit where credit is due. HRC has constructed three floors of top notch lounges, which were opened to the public (rather to delegates) for the first time. One hopes that HRC uses these on a regular basis and bring more people from Hyderabad to the races regularly. They should sell tickets at say ₹ 2,500 a pop for people to come racing and use these spaces by offering a day at the races with top notch food and beverage and hospitality services like the luxury boxes at Football stadiums in England. I must say these lounges are very well made and whoever has been involved in the process has really got into the details of things. The one thing that really stood out for me was the quality of sound coming from the speakers, for the first time in the history of Indian racing a good quality sound system has been used, unlike at every other club the sound was crystal clear and every word that the race-caller said was audible. Cyrus Madan’s call of the Stayers Cup was my favourite of the weekend. He has now been India’s only world class commentator for over three decades, the only other top notch commentators we have had have been Ali Khusro Jung and possibly the late SN Harish who at least tried to make his race calls exciting. I like Anit Casyab from Calcutta who is a work in progress but the rest of them are boring and mundane and really need to improve on their delivery. In my opinion sponsors need to insist on the use of Cyrus for their races and its about time he became the voice of the Invitation Weekend as well. Racing needs to have everything around it to become posh so that we attract a better quality of person to the races. Anyway full marks to Mr Surender Reddy and HRC on the hospitality we received on Invitation weekend, thank you sir. Next year the event is in Mumbai c’mon boys lets see if you can keep pace with Calcutta in 2013 and Hyderabad this year. In 2016 its Bangalore and the way things are I doubt I’ll get that coke after the fourth race.

The Bangalore Turf Club keeps heading further into the abyss of mundane and crap racing, check out the terms of this race and I quote Pearcey of indiarace.com, “… The last race of the afternoon. It was a unique event, in which, horses that had run twice this season but failed to win a race, were allowed to participate. Furthermore, these runners belonging to the lowest category were to be ridden by those who hadn’t won a race since the month of November.” C’mon BTC what next? How about a special race for horses with blown tendons, a race for horses that plant at the gate or for jockeys who have never sat on a horse ever or for fat breeders (I’d win that). Mr Shivaprasad its a shame that you continue on a rampant path of destruction. Its really sad that racing at this once prime centre has descended into the mediocrity of age group racing. BTC had 5 of their 8 races on Friday for horses aged 5 years and over and one of the open company races was the crapfest I just described WHY? I would love to see an argument in favour of this reservation style of racing, its a sport where the best should beat the rest. Its about time the system of age group races was scrapped as has been done at RCTC and let these older horses beat younger horses on pure MERIT.

Mysore Race Club has now been deemed to be an independent Turf Authority, many congratulations. Their Chhota seasons (Summer and Winter) need to improve their quality of racing. One wishes Mysore Race Club the very best and one hopes they clean up the sport in what has become a gambling den. Understandably Kanthraj Urs will be involved in lifting the sport in the princely city out of the morass it is in. He is a highly respected figure in Mysore and from the little bit that one has seen of him he comes across as a person who doesn’t take fools lightly.

In the meantime the much maligned breeders are now well in to the breeding season, missing from our ranks this year are; Mare Haven Stud, Track Supreme, Arabesque, Aikdeep and Doaba Stud. One hopes others too restrict the numbers to more manageable levels because overproduction is rogering every aspect of the sport.

The Invitation Weekend: What should and could be India’s Breeders’ Cup

The Invitation Weekend is upon us and 4 Group one races are up for grabs. It also signals the end of the year as far as our quality racing goes, Hyderabad has already ended their winter season and usually March racing only happens at Malakpet when the Invitation Carnival comes around. The terms and conditions of the Invitation Cup have been tweaked since the 2013 running to allow older horses to run. Timing wise too the Invitation Cup comes at a perfect time, exactly one month after the Indian Derby which gives the 4 year olds ample recovery time. The Turf Authorities get together over the weekend to have a tete a tete regarding all issues pertaining to the sport. Unfortunately the lack of a professional set up has rendered the Turf Authorities of India a pretty useless body which rarely achieves anything as the clubs prefer to follow a system where rule making is their own solo effort. The latest gift the TAI gave us has been that foreign jockeys can no longer ride freelance in India, as a result anybody who wants Jimmy Fortune to ride their horse must sell a benami share to his retainer, Manjri Stud. Thank you old men for making racing about everything else but racing!

One of the most burning issues that has been causing havoc among the trainers is the lack of a proper uniform medication policy. Most of the time its Russian roulette for the trainers as nobody has established proper lead times for therapeutic medications and trainers are left groping in the dark due to a lack of information provided. Unfortunately the majority of vets practising at the various clubs are truly mediocre men whose jobs are more about pen pushing and egos rather than enlightened men who may actually bring clarity into the system. The TAI has decided to follow the very sanitary sounding, “Zero Tolerance” policy which is utopian and impractical, in every way. Take an example of a horse that spikes a temperature, most docs would prescribe Novalgin to bring the fever down. Now, when you have a zero tolerance policy does it mean that you have to use only, “Thandi Pattis” and herbs to sort it out rather than use a prescription medication. There needs to be a proper study undertaken regarding lead times and the findings need to be made available in the public domain so that professionals can make educated calls regarding their use. One hopes some headway is made in this regard because it isn’t doing the image of racing any good.

The fact that Indian racing hasn’t kept up with the times is there for all to see, the fact that we still entertain the concept of bookmakers show how far up their arses Indian racing administrators heads are. I have written time and again regarding the scourge that is bookmaking and how a tote monopoly is the only way to go if we are to get our sport out of the rut that it is in. Why is it that we go to places like Hong Kong and Japan and get impressed with their set ups and yet not understand what sets them apart from our racing is the fact that they have vertical and horizontal control of every buck wagered on their sport. As a result they contribute heavily to their economies and are appreciated by their governments since they bring in sacks of dosh for the government to add to their budgets and welfare schemes. We on the other hand go to our governments like beggars rather than economic contributors because as yet our contribution isn’t large enough to turn their heads. In the 1980s men like PG Belliappa at BTC and RM “Madhu” Reddy at HRC saw that we needed to amp up our tote in order for racing to prosper, they were able to lobby with their state governments and get a better tax structure in place in order to spiral their totalisators upwards and increase the club’s as well as the governments’ take by driving the retail punter towards the tote machines rather than towards the satchel men. Its about time we bit the bullet and told bookies to F Off!

In the 80s the USA faced a problem whereby their racing didn’t have a properly defined end of season championship in place, this caused many of their forward thinking men in the sport to conceptualise the Breeders Cup http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breeders’_Cup People like John Gaines and DG Van Clief among others created the “Breeders Cup” whereby breeders nominated their stallions to the Breeders Cup and then nominated their foals for a set fee to create a big fat corpus fund which was then used to augment stakes races at various tracks all over the nation. The first Breeders Cup was run at Hollywood Park in 1984. They ended the year with high quality racing concentrated on one day where every division was represented and champions were crowned in these year end divisional championship races. The biggest and richest race was the all aged championship race the “Breeders Cup Classic” which was quite similar to our Indian Turf Invitation Cup. This still is the richest race in USA though the Breeders Cup has evolved over a period of time into a two day event and many additions have been made in the races, with more divisions being added to the original ones on both dirt and turf. The year long program where Breeders Cup money was added to specific stakes races was scrapped too. A big day to end the year would help us crown our year end champions too without having to work out some concocted formula.

Say we were to create a Breeders Cup type of program in India too where we distributed 10 Crores on one big huge race day, the biggest day of Indian racing. With races for Sprinters, Milers, Stayers, Juveniles and the jewel in the crown being the Invitation Cup. This would help greatly as older horses in every division would be able to target a big pot of cash towards the end of the year. Every club could have a programme that dove-tails into this one day of racing. A proper marketing company could be drafted in to market the race day on a national basis with a TV contract and nationwide coverage in the press as a result of which it would become worthwhile for a big sponsor. The Poonawalla Breeders Multi Million is already half way there, where breeders nominate yearlings to the race and then the owners who buy them have the option to continue paying forfeits and finally run in the big juvenile event. A proper funding mechanism will need to be worked out off course with a per foal subscription, a per stallion subscription as well as contributions from the turf clubs and from a long term sponsor. The Arc weekend in France and the QIPCO Campions day in England are similar to the Breeders Cup. Our sport needs visibility and exposure unfortunately our clubs have failed on that front as racing has been slowly losing its glamour quotient. There was a time when to own a racehorse was a cool thing to do, we need to work hard to make racing cool again.

Quotas, Mediocrity,Pattern Races and Other Musings

Indian racing has ceased to be national in nature and maybe its time that names carried a parenthesis with the centre name in it to signify where a horse is based. Racing Against Aged Junk [MYS], Age Group Sprint Champ [BLR], Quota King [HYD], etc. would give us a far better idea about a horse’s ability. Since racing was and hopefully still is about who is the fastest horse one fails to understand the system created by Hyderabad Race Club, the dreaded, “Quota System.” The reasoning behind this was that it would protect the local owners against better horses from other centres. At the same time the system would be used to allot their limited stable space for the fresh inflow of 2 year olds into HRC by giving quotas to owners. Over a period of time the system has become a way for the powers that be to flex their muscles and has become very arbitrary in nature. Added to this is the fact that these quotas are alloted to owners, rather than trainers and then there is a cap on the number of horses a trainer can bring into his stable as well. As a result of this benami ownership flourishes and it limits the growth of genuine owners who want to buy horses, since quota holding owners hold onto their slot for dear life, resulting in them buying or taking on contingency cheap horses of a lower standard. What this has managed to achieve is a false bearing on what the true merit of a horse is, since a large chunk of very mediocre horses find their way into the system, racing is supposed to be about straightforward unfettered competition where the fastest and best win, whenever or wherever there is straightforward competition, over a period of time everything including the system will find its own level. Protectionism is a very retrograde system which leads to negative results whereas competition brings about positive results a recent example of this is Calcutta.

When Calcutta boosted its prize money levels, many outstation trainers decided to take “B” licenses over there and set up shop with decent sized strings. Pesi Shroff, Imtiaz Sait, Darius Byramji and Arti Doctor all took horses to race at Hastings. Arti Doctor realised that she would be better suited to shift to Calcutta on a permanent basis, a move that in hindsight was a very good decision as she is regularly among the winners there. They all brought horses from other centres, ie Bombay and Bangalore. To start with things looked great for these outstation trainers and they won often but soon the local trainers figured this out and stepped out to replenish their stock with better quality horses from Bombay and Bangalore too. The local trainers got far more conscientious regarding the quality of babies that they were buying as well and soon the local boys started to regularly beat the out of towners. The result has been that Byramji, Shroff and Sait have shut shop and gone back to concentrate on their parent centres. Rather than protect mediocrity all that the authorities need to do is to make sure that what comes into their centres is stock that is superior to what is currently based over there rather than take pity on their own. Clubs need to license better professionals and to make sure there is enough stake money being paid out in order for professionals to earn a good living. Meritocracy has died in Indian racing and slowly but surely the sport is descending into being all about punting and less about quality competition as stake money vis a vis costs is not keeping pace. The quota system is detrimental for growth too as younger trainers who are starting their careers get a smaller quota, vis a vis established license holders who may or may not be competent. Its about time that clubs started to de-license non performers to make room for younger talent. There are trainers who haven’t won races for 5 years, who still get to keep their license. Non performers in any field get weeded out but in racing getting a license is akin to holding a government job, its held in perpetuity. There are trainers whose monthly commission earnings over the past 9 years are less than a syces wage, how are they making ends meet? These are questions that all clubs need to address and ask trainers. Hong Kong for one kicks out trainers if they aren’t cutting it, the main reason being space restrictions, we have a similar problem, we too need to take Hong Kong’s lead.

There was a time in the 60s, 70s and 80s when racing was a moving carnival, starting with Ooty in Spring/Summer, followed by Bangalore in the Summer then during the Monsoon; everybody split towards, Pune, Mysore, Hyderabad and Calcutta (for their lower end stock), in the winter racing took place in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. With the demise of proper racing in Madras; Bangalore and Hyderabad became full on winter destinations. Unfortunately when the sport grew there was no attempt to increase the number of tracks, as a result of a glut slowly space became an issue and racing became more and more localised and Indian racing lost its national character and became regional in nature. The only survivor has been the Bangalore Summer season which is India’s only national season. This too is not by design but more due to the fact that from May to July until the Monsoon hits the only place in Indian racing with temperate weather is the garden city. There was an attempt in the 80s led by Suresh Mahindra, RM Reddy, General Kumaramangalam, Mr Shivlal Daga, my father Sonny Brar and a few others to revive racing in Lucknow, they raced under rules for a few days but had to pack up due to a lack of capital. Its a different India now and with capital available more freely a proper attempt to expand racing would be very viable, considering its the only legal form of gambling on mainland India and our clubs have thoroughly wasted their incumbent advantage due to the lack of foresight, petty politics and general apathy. Our clubs are islands unto themselves and are run as little fiefdoms with little or no cooperation amongst themselves. The time is ripe for a national body to run the sport, akin to Japan Racing Association, France Galop, The Jockey Club and the like. The need of the hour is to give racing a corporate structure and have a national consensus on things like marketing the sport. We also need to lobby state governments as well as the central government regarding the good done by the racing and breeding industries. We provide in excess of 20,000 permanent jobs many of them rural, we provide revenue from betting taxes and also provide green spaces in congested cities. Breeding horses is an activity directly related to agriculture and animal husbandry but while the rest of theses fields get sops galore we fall in a blind spot. India has changed, unfortunately our sport has not. We are attempting to start racing in Punjab, so far talks have been very positive and we have our fingers crossed that soon we are able to give India its first tote only racing setup. The idea is to have a racetrack that is run along corporate lines and not by a club. Bookmakers have become the bane of racing wherever they are found in the world. Here in India we still allow them to take licenses and operate at our clubs by paying stall fees. They damage the integrity of the sport and cheat on revenue but we still allow them to exist. Here in our upside down system we are allowing them to be competition for our gambling rupee by licensing them ourselves! Imagine having a virtual monopoly on a product but allowing a parasite to not just feed off’ve us but to bleed us dry. Would this be allowed in a run for profit business? I think you all know that the answer is a vehement no.

An average horse racing in Hyderabad as a rule of thumb will earn a lot more than an average horse racing in Western India or at Bangalore, since racing is restricted only to horses based in that centre. In a catalogue style pedigree write up Hyderabad based horse always looks good, take my horse Cape Ferrat as an example, here is a horse that has run at the top of class one for the past three years of his career, his earnings are somewhere in the region of approximately 25 Lakhs, despite wins in Western India, Bangalore and place finishes in added money races in Hyderabad. On the flip side lets look at a Hyderabad horse called Young Soldier a horse that topped out at a rating of 102 in Hyderabad, this horse has cleared 48 Lakhs in Stake money earnings. All earnings have been accumulated in the Hyderabad structure. Run the two against each other and at level weights Cape Ferrat will beat Young Soldier, 10 times out of 10 but when one looks at the Catalogue who looks better? Unfortunately Indian Racing has made its own set of rules as we go along, most of them detrimental for the Indian breed and as a result racing as a whole.

Lets take a look at our pattern system, first of all in most racing jurisdictions there is supposed to be a pyramid structure, with Listed races at the bottom, followed by Grade 3, 2 and 1 all decreasing in number as we go higher up the scale with Grade 1s being the dearest as they are supposed to signify the pinnacle of our sport. The pattern system was created so that a yardstick could be provided for our cataloguing standards. The name of a pattern race winner gets to appear in a sales catalogue in bold font with capital letters, while the name of a second or third place finisher appears in bold font but in lower case characters. The idea being that we can objectively read the pedigree page of a horse with better horses having more black type on their page. The pattern race committee is supposed to upgrade and downgrade races every year depending on the quality of the races run. Unfortunately this is not being done in India in an efficient manner, certain norms must be followed, take the example of Hyderabad once again. The Darley Arabian Stakes, Byerly Turk, Godolphin Barb, Alcock Arabian Stakes and Golconda Juvenile Million have always carried graded status yet the quality of these races have been sub par for time immemorial. As a result these races are going to throw up 15 black type horses who aren’t quite up to the mark, therefore compromising the cataloguing standards. HRC doesn’t allow final entries, neither does the Poonawalla Breeders Million, yet the Deccan and Golconda Derby as well as the PBM get to be Grade 1 races. Did you know that Set Alight never ran the PBM because she wasn’t entered. Similarly entries for the Hyderabad Classics close at the end of November when 90% of the intended runners in those races are still unraced, entries are done more on hope rather than on known ability, now think about it are these necessarily being won by Group 1 horses? In my opinion for a race to be within the pattern, there must be a proper system of final entries so that these races truly reflect the very best rather than the best of what is entered. In India the various clubs decide which of their races should carry the graded monicker, this is wrong as it is against the tenets of why the system was created, the running of the pattern system needs to devolve upon the breeders rather than the racing administrators, since it was created for them and their stud values not for the clubs. Currently we have no Listed races in India and the grading of other events too is very haphazard.

Further to this we have another huge problem in that we have a critical shortage of races for our above average stock. Most conditions races fall in the domain of juveniles, as a result we are in a quirky situation where there are too many nondescript Million races carded for 2 and 3 year olds. Racing fans come to the races to back high quality racehorses whose form is well known, as a result of which our big race days attract more action at the betting windows. There is a far better connect among punters for high class older horses like Atlantus, Sprint Star, Dandified, Onassis, Optimus Prime etc. we need to card better quality terms or conditions races for these types of horses who give off their best on a more consistent level. Currently there are very few opportunities given for our 4 year old and over horses that perform well and find themselves unable to run races carded for horses 80 and above. If you win a maidens race a horse has to either step up into the top level races or get driven into the handicap system where manipulation is possible to a great extent, in fact its the norm rather than an exception. Opportunities in Bangalore for horses of the ilk of Rock With U, Chulbul Pandey, Cape Ferrat, Esteban are few and far between, the only option they have is to run at the very top against horses like Speed Six who are just that slight notch above them and most of the time will beat them. We need more terms races and more races over a trip, unfortunately Bangalore racing is all about sprinting as a result of which Winged Foot wins their Oaks off a rating of 43 and Applejack the Stayers’ Trial off a rating of 79. Both horses are very ordinary over 6 and 7 furlongs but put them over a mile and a half and they are top class. Its akin to asking Mo Farrah to run only in the 100, 200 and 400 metres at the Olympics! Since such few races are carded at a mile and a quarter and above, jockeys are forgetting the art of riding over a trip. Take the example of Arshad Alam, a bright young talent among the Bangalore jockey colony, when he rode Keturah in the Bangalore Oaks it was the first time he was riding a mile and a half race in his career. Consider the fact that he has ridden 40 winners in his career to go through his allowance claim without ever riding a long distance race, since our Derby is still run over 2400 metres shouldn’t our jockeys have had experience over that distance? Trainers are forgetting the art of training over a trip, even mile races are going void as trainers are chary about their ability to train over anything above 7 Furlongs. Stallions like Tejano, Brave Act, Ikhtyar, Carnival Dancer, Sedgefield and a host of others are better suited to race over longer trips. While in Hyderabad, RWITC and Calcutta there are opportunities to race your horses in Staying races, in Bangalore there is the odd race more often than not, over 9 furlongs. We should encourage longer races as the propensity for malpractice also reduces, think about it one bump in a sprint and its hard to recover, whereas in a longer race there is ample time to recover from any such mishaps. Further to this longer races are far more nuanced and cerebral from both a handicapping point of view, tactics as well as training it needs to be encouraged for the betterment of the sport, its the difference between test and one day cricket, ask Dravid or Sachin whats the pinnacle of their sport it will always be Test cricket.

So its on to Hyderabad for the Invitation weekend now, where we get the opportunity to see our best Stayers, Sprinters and Milers square off against each other at weight for age terms. The piece de resistance off course is the Invitation Cup where Our 4 year old crop will take on the best older horses over a mile and a half. HRC has carded a nice lot of Millions around the big races for the handicap variety but as is their wont they snuck in a clause which is against the rules of Invitation weekend where horses rated below 46 will not be permitted to race in these handicap events, I guess the reasoning behind this would be a fear of getting exposed against horses from Bangalore where the quality of stock is considered to be superior and a 45 rated horse from Bangalore would be about 5kg superior on the scale vis a vis a similarly rated Hyderabad horse. So its Chalta Hai for Indian racing as the carousel stops in Hyderabad for our annual get together. Boring dinners, meaningless meetings and a little nostalgia for times gone by. Invitation day at Hyderabad was the last day of racing I attended with my late father before he got seriously ill, we miss him greatly and maybe we get a proper racecourse going in Punjab to honour his memory. A good friend of mine said in the 19th century Calcutta was the centre of the Indian racing world, in the 20th Century it was Bombay maybe in the 21st Century it will be Punjab but then again a wise man once said, “Its a long way to Tipperary!”